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Indiana University Bloomington
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Course Description

VT: Comparative Foreign Policy (3 cr)
Dina Spechler
JSTU-J 304 Social & Historical Topics in Jewish Studies (11075) / POLS-Y 363 (7053) / HON-H 304 (8364) / INTL-I 300 (11946)
TR 1:15-2:30
CASE S&H; Credit given for only one of J304, POLS-Y 363, HON-H 304, INTL-I 300 with this topic
Note: students taking the course for credit in Jewish Studies should register for the Jewish Studies section of the course (11075) and identify themselves to the instructor at the beginning of the semester. These students will focus their work on Israel.

Why did the United States get involved in Vietnam, and why did it stay in the war long after U.S. leaders knew we could not win? Why did the Soviets invade Afghanistan when they well knew that others' attempts to conquer that country had repeatedly failed? Why did Hitler attack the Soviet Union despite the fact that no outside power since the 15th century had succeeded in subduing Russia?

History and contemporary international relations are replete with examples of the risks, costs and difficulties of attacking and invading other states and intervening militarily in the politics and conflicts of others. This course will explore the question of why nations go to war when survival is not at stake. There will be many case studies, including some quite recent cases, but the focus will be on theories that help us understand this puzzling behavior on the part of states and those who determine or influence national policy. We will be examining the impact of individual leaders, their personal characteristics, beliefs, perceptions and misperceptions, as well as decision-making groups, government bureaucracies, national values and belief systems, and the nature and functioning of various kinds of political systems. A role-playing exercise at the end of the semester will give students an opportunity to simulate national decision-makers confronting the question of whether or not to use force.